Federal Regulations Electric Devices
Electric Tricycle rules.
An electric tricycle, also known as an e-bike/e-trike, is a type of vehicle and can be assisted by power when riding.
You can ride an electric trike on all roads and paths, even where bicycles are prohibited. When riding, you have rights and responsibilities just like all road users.
You must follow the normal bicycle road rules and obey the general road rules.
You don’t need a licence to ride an electric tricycle, and they don’t need registration or compulsory third-party insurance.
Riding an electric tricycle
You propel an electric tricycle through pedaling with assistance from the electric motor. The electric motor is used to help you maintain speed while riding, and may be helpful when riding uphill or against the wind.
At speeds up to 6km/h, the electric motor can operate without you pedaling. The electric motor will help you when you first take off.
At speeds above 6km/h, you must pedal to keep the bicycle moving with the motor providing pedal-assist only.
When you reach a speed of 25km/h the motor must stop operating (cut out) and you need to pedal to stay above 25km/h like a normal tricycle.
Source of power
For an electric tricycle to be legally used on the road, it must have an electric motor and conform to the following:
A pedalec, is a tricycle with an electric motor capable of generating up to 250* watts of power, but the motor cuts out at 25km/h and the pedals must be used to keep the motor operating. Pedalecs must comply with the European Standard for Power Assisted Pedal Cycles (EN15194) and must have a permanent marking on it that shows it complies with this standard.
Non-compliant electric tricycles
Your motorised tricycle is non-compliant and can’t be ridden on public roads or paths if it has any of the following:
- a petrol-powered or internal combustion engine
- an electric motor capable of generating over 250 watts (depends on state rules)
- an electric motor that is the primary source of power.
For example, if your tricycle has a petrol-powered engine attached before or after purchase, it is non-compliant.
If your tricycle’s electric motor can help up to speeds in excess of 25km/h without cutting off, it is non-compliant.
If your tricycle has non-functioning pedals that do not propel the tricycle , it is non-compliant.
If you can twist a throttle and ride your tricycle using the bike’s motor power only, without using the pedals, it is non-compliant.
Non-compliant tricycles must only be ridden on private property with no public access.
If a non-compliant tricycle is to be ridden legally on a road, it must comply with the Australian Design Rules requirements for a motorcycle and be registered. Electric tricycles do not meet these standards.
All Trike Bike Tricycles comply with federal road rules and can be used legally in every Australian State or Territory.